Istanbul Turkey History
It can be difficult to know where to start when it comes to which historical sites to visit in Turkey, especially in the city of Istanbul.
Geographically, Istanbul is important because it has a centuries-old history that has been known for centuries. The official name of the city was Constantinople until the 1930s, when the Turkish Post Office renamed it Istanbul. Over the years, the name has changed, but Istanbul became official after the Turkish Post Office took over the service of a city called Constantinople.
Almost immediately after, Constantinople was declared the capital of the Ottoman Empire and its name changed to Istanbul. The capital was moved to Ankara in 1923, and in 1930 the city, which had been called Constantinople - Istanbul - since 1453, was officially given the only legal name Istanbul. While Ankara is now Turkey's political capital and is located in the geographical heart of the country, Istanbul dwarfs Ankara as its economic capital.
Istanbul is also a transcontinental city stretching across the Bosphorus Strait and located at the intersection of two of the world's most important trade routes, the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. Istanbul is in many ways a "transcontinental" city, because it is located not only in the geographical heart of Turkey, but also on the borders of Europe and Asia.
The place Constantinople and later Istanbul was the birthplace of Constantine, who declared it the new nucleus of the Roman Empire. In 324 AD, the city was renamed Istanbul after serving as the great capital of the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople. The city, which for the Turks was called Istanbul, became again the capital of a great empire and played a central role in the development of Turkey as a commercial and commercial centre for Europe, Asia and Africa. When Istanbul became known, it became a commercial and commercial centre for both the expanding Ottoman Empire and the rest of Europe.
The city was renamed Istanbul and became one of the most important cities in the world, with many of its churches converted into mosques.
The capital of the Byzantine Empire, which ended in 1453 with the fall of Constantinople. Constantinople served as the capital for many years after its fall, but Mehmet re-established it as Istanbul, as it was then called. The Byzantine emperor and the Ottoman Empire itself ended after the fall of Constantinople.
After the conquest of Constantinople, which later became Istanbul, Mehmed II took the title of conqueror Fatih. Immediately after this conquest, the capital of the Ottoman Empire was renamed from Constantinople to Istanbul and renamed Istanbul.
When the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923, its capital was moved to Ankara and the port of Istanbul took a back seat as the new capital. While the capital Ankara received most of the attention of early republican Turkey, Istanbul was left to rest. When the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1924 with the help of the first President Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Constantinople was officially renamed Istanbul in 1930. After the end of the Second World War, in 1945, the city was refounded as a republic, but the capital was again moved from Ankara to the port city of Constantinople.
After the First World War, the Turkish War of Independence took place and Istanbul became part of the Republic of Turkey in 1923. The Ottoman Empire ruled Istanbul until it was defeated and occupied by the Allies in the First World War. At the same time, Ottoman Turks began to conquer the cities around Constantinople, effectively cutting it off from many of its neighbors. British and French soldiers, who finally calculated that they were now calling Constantinople Istanbul more and more frequently.
When Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks in May 1453, the city's political history changed dramatically. The Republic of Turkey was refounded in 1923 under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal, who later called himself Ataturk, and it was also in 1928 that it became officially known as Istanbul, a city with a Greek and Turkish speaking population of about 1.5 million people. Mustafas Kemals, who later received the honorary title of "Atatürk" (meaning "Father of the Turks"), became Turkey's first president, and embarked on a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern secular state.
Since Ataturk appointed Ankara the Turkish capital, Istanbul has experienced an infrastructure boom, which has included the construction of a new airport, Istanbul International Airport, and a number of other infrastructure projects.
However, the most civilized city in the world in the time of Süleyman eventually perished under the Ottoman Empire, and Istanbul lost much of its former glory in the 19th century. Not surprisingly, Armenians in Turkey, who survived the genocide of their predecessor, the Ottoman Empire, have remained largely underground for decades. But when Turkey's new republic was built on a wave of nationalism, there were calls for Istanbul to abandon its capital.